From Eurogamer: "Raphaël Colantonio has revealed that nobody at Arkane Austin wanted Prey (2017) to be titled Prey, and how it felt "gross" to have released something under someone else's IP.
Colantonio, known as the founder of Arkane Studios, served as the game's director and writer. He announced his departure from the studio shortly after the game's release, citing burnout and a desire to spend time with his son.
The fact that the game was never envisioned to be a part of the Prey IP isn't new for fans of the game or Arkane. It was documented by NoClip last year, in which Colantonio and other leads on the game explained that Bethesda was insistent that Arkane's next project had to be called Prey. Colantonio described the decision as a "non-negotiable compromise"."
Prey (2017) was only called Prey because Bethesda didn’t want to trademark a new title. The title of Prey made sense for the 2007 game due to the aliens harvesting humans for food. Prey (2017) could have been called “Typhon” or “Talos”. A somewhat corny alternate title could have been “Cybershock”, as Prey (2017) is a spiritual-successor to System Shock.
I feel that the latest Prey movie may also be "inspired" by the original Prey game.
Still holding out hope that Prey 2 (to Prey 2006) one day gets released. The game was literally complete and is just collecting dust in one of Bethesda's vaults.
I thought it was common knowledge that the only reason Arkane's Prey was called "Prey" was because of the cancellation of Prey 2, and Bethesda wanted to try to capitalize on the name, being it was still a known title.
We didn't get the official Prey 2 because the studio refused to be purchased by Bethesda after it was basically finished, which is really petty.